Links and Apps for Earth Science and Space Science

WESTA (Wisconsin Earth Science Teachers Association) links

Updated July 31, 2017

All links and apps not mentioned added by Dennis Rohr, Seymour High School, Seymour, WI and his students.


Latest science News and scientific research (search engines)

Students can select a science article, write a personal reaction to this article, and share this latest research with the rest of their class - other students are expected to ask questions of the article to continue group discussion of the latest science discoveries:  Articles can be found at . OR




Earth Science sites with multiple links

Earth science for kids - geography for kids shows links and resources for elementary students that includes: earth energy, earth structure, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, climates and BGC cycles


Early Elementary (K-2)- is a subscription we purchase at the elementary that covers various science topics including Earth, Physical, Life, Social Studies, Animals, Dinosaurs, and Biographies. We pay to include science and it's an excellent source of information. The students love it!

(shared by Katie Hanson, 1st grade Seymour Rock Ledge Primary School, Seymour, WI)


History of planet Earth

Article about how old the planet is by the rocks on our planet.


Earth and the Environmental Resources from HHMI (Howard Hughes Medical Institute)  includes animations, interactives, clips of lecture lessons, short films, scientists at work, EarthViewer, etc.  This links and activities highlight the deep connection between life, the environment and the ever changing Earth.


Water Cycle-

Interactive Water Cycle diagram from USGS Water Science School that has 3 different versions for elementary through middle school: Beginner, Intermediate, and Advanced students. (Shared by Tammy Huenink, Sheboygan Falls Middle School)


This is a game I post on my website for kids to play when learning about water use / water cycle.

(Shared by Laurie Upp, Seymour Rock Ledge Elementary)



Groundwater Foundation - What is Groundwater? Great background information on wells, drinking water, resources for teachers, aquifers, threats to drinking water, etc


Wisconsin Well Water Quality Viewer: Private Well Data for Wisconsin From UW-Stevens Point Center for Watershed Science and Education:


Wisconsin Historic Well Construction Reports (1930 to 1989) from the Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey


Wisconsin DNR website that covers all aspects of Groundwater and drinking water resources in Wisconsin - Wells, threats to drinking water.


EPA Drinking Water Contaminants: Standards and Regulations - lists the primary and secondary standards, sources of potential contamination, etc for substances that could be found in drinking water across US


EPA secondary standards for drinking water -


WI DNR Drinking Water & Groundwater Quality Health Standards/Advisory Levels and Table II - Drinking Water & Groundwater Quality Public Welfare/Secondary Standards and their associated health risk levels


Arsenic found in Wisconsin Drinking water - article from State newspapers highlighting student research


Failure at the Faucet - Wisconsin drinking water issues as reported by Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism


USGS (United States Geological Survey) Groundwater data for Wisconsin current conditions, historical observations, daily data, statistics,and field measurements across Wisconsin


Central Wisconsin Groundwater Center at UW-Stevens Point Center for Watershed Science and Education helping citizens and governments manage the groundwater in Wisconsin wisely, through education, public information, applied research, and technical assistance


Threats to Groundwater - resource information of Wisconsin’s Buried Treasure obvious and hidden sources of contamination


Potential dangers of groundwater, how to protect it, interesting facts and date involving the groundwater throughout Wisconsin.


Outagamie and Winnebago county Minimum casing requirements for private drinking wells (to reduce risk of naturally occurring arsenic deposits found in and near St. Peter’s Sandstone formation :


Love Canal disaster: Toxic waste in the neighborhood; retro report, from the New York Times video clip


Groundwater flash animation for Middle School Students that was created through Seattle Public Schools - TV by Michelle Mansfield, Geoff Harrison, Karen Lewis, and Michael Bell (Shared by Tammy Huenink, Sheboygan Falls Middle School)


Geology of Earth-

The United States Geologic Survey provides science, products and real-time data and near-real time data on current conditions and earth observations found at


Geology and Earth Science Information - Excellent overall resource for all areas of Geology


Geologic Time Scale from University of California Museum of Paleontology


Geology of Wisconsin-

Wisconsin Geological and Natural History and Survey and Digital Collection that includes: Bulletins, Maps, Lake Superior notebooks, F.T. Thwaites papers, Exposed rock, Glacial Landforms, Mines, Parks and Natural Areas, People and Transportation.


Glacial Geology field notes of Wisconsin’s Ice Age National Scientific Reserve from National Park service


Map of Wisconsin and explanation of all the glacial advancements and recessions. Effects of the Wisconsin Glacier on different areas of the state.


Minerals in WI

Mines, pits and quarries in WI - current and potential mines - from DNR website


Back 40 mining project website - Aquilla resources


History of mining in Wisconsin


Iron mining in Wisconsin


Diamonds in Wisconsin


Craters of the Diamonds state park in Arkansas where you can dig your own diamonds


History of Lead mining in Wisconsin


Glacial Geology-

Information about how Niagara Falls and the lakes around it was formed by the Wisconsin Glacier.


Rivers and Wind erosion-

Erosion resources, video clip, and educator materials from National Geographic


Erosion information about various types of erosion from Encyclopedia Britannica


Erosion for Kids for elementary students at


The different types of erosion and the process it takes to erode natural material. Examples of the different landforms that were formed from the effect of erosion.


National Flood Insurance program - information on risks of floods, maps, and database on floods in the past


Weather and Climate-


Tornado History Project - database for past Tornadoes across US


Storm prediction center from NOAA and NWS - current and past Data base, maps, etc for future, current, and past storms across US


Tornado database from NWS for each region, county, etc


NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory in Norman, OK - Severe Weather research, Tornadoes, Flooding, Lightning, Hail, Wind Damage, and Winter Weather research.  There is also an educator’s link with resources for all levels from weather coloring books and activities for early elementary to research links for middle and high school.


NOAA Current real-time weather data that includes wind flow patterns at various atmospheric pressure levels above the surface of the Earth.  Click on Earth link in bottom left corner to manipulate layers of data on the map to include precipitation, relative humidity, temperature, sea level pressure, wind chill/heat index, total cloud water, etc. (Shared by Greg Bisbee, Arrowhead HS),41.17,903


Data base archive for National Hurricane Center


Tropical cyclones database and real time monitoring of Pacific cyclones from Earth Observation Research Center and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency


Digital Typhoon images and information database and real time monitoring


El Nino and La Nina Years and Intensity from 1950 - present


Ice in and Ice out data Madison, WI Lakes Ice Data Summary from 1852 - present


Tracking ice cover Madison, WI Lakes


2016 Warmest year on record from NY Times article


What is the difference between Weather and Climate from NASA and links for weather and climate


Weather and Climate resources from NASA for grades K-8 at


Climate and Weather resources and links at bottom of page


Climate Education for grades K-12 from North Carolina State University at


Climate and Weather video clip from National Geographic (also has many other videos from National Geographic


Climate change indicators of Weather and Climate from EPA


Maps and Data showing current and history of Climate in US from National Atmospheric Space Administration


DIfference and similarities with climate and weather. Images of extreme weather. Video on where climate ends and weather begins. Global changes caused by fluctuations of climate conditions. Interactive map of the different climate zones in the world


Global Climate Change

Games and Trivia about climate change.


Ice Core Data - National Centers for Environmental Information from NOAA:  The World Data Center (WDC) for Paleoclimatology maintains archives of ice core data from polar and low-latitude mountain glaciers and ice caps throughout the world. Proxy climate indicators include oxygen isotopes, methane concentrations, dust content, as well as many other parameters.


Arctic Sea Ice News and Analysis - Database and images of ice cover over time (also Antarctic information)


Glacier Database -and GLIMS glacier viewer for entire Earth from the National Snow and Ice Data Center


GLIMS: Global Land Ice Measurements from Space: Monitoring the World’s Changing Glaciers


World Glacier Monitoring service has been compiling and disseminating standardized data on glacier fluctuations at


Climate change indicators of Weather and Climate from EPA

Natural Hazards

Game to rebuild and protect against Natural hazards.



Volcano facts and types of volcanoes


Volcanoes of the World resource from Volcano discovery


Map of active, extinct, and dormant volcanoes. Also danger zones of suspicious volcanic activity. Interesting facts about volcanoes as well as all the volcanoes found around the world.



USGS Earthquakes hazards program site - real time Data, significant earthquakes, map of latest earthquakes, paleoseismology, information, Earthquake early warning system, Earthquakes for kids


Earthquake map of current real-time earthquakes


Overview of Earthquakes - Facts and information on why/how they occur


Seismic world map showing Earthquakes in last day to 5 years ago - zoomable map to every continent and ocean region in World from USGS data


World’s largest recorded Earthquake ever information from


Interaction maps of real time earthquakes and quivers. The biggest earthquakes in history as well as the damage done by those earthquakes. Identifies the ring of fire and major hot spots.


Search significant earthquakes from each calendar year and search Earthquake database for earthquakes in specific geographic area, size, or time - USGS


Plate Tectonics-

Plate Tectonics animation from HHMI (Howard Hughes Medical Institute) along with other geology, paleobiology, Earth processes, human impacts, climate, and Earth History


Explains where tectonic plates are and what they are.


Plate Tectonic reference information from National Geographic


Plate Tectonic interactives from Dynamic Earth for upper elementary / middle school students that also includes interactive links for Earth structure, plates and boundaries, Slip, Slide and collide, and a link for students to test their skills at


Plate tectonic, hot spot, and tectonic plates reference from Encyclopedia Brittanica


DIfferent types of boundaries found at the meeting place of tectonic plates. Interactive map of Pangea and the world millions of years ago. The principles of plate tectonics and last but not least some interesting facts about the sea floor spreading.




Information about paleontology dig sites around the country and also about the significance of paleontology in our science field today.


Fossils found in US National Parks and corresponding geologic formations and ages from the National Park Service


Identifying Unknown fossils by descriptive terms (shape and appearance) from Kentucky Geological Survey


Fossil photo identification for Ordovician and Non-ordovician fossils from Dry Dredgers


Shark Teeth fossil guide from


Index fossils from USGS

Ammonite fossil ID at


Fossil Image Gallery (images of fossils by Geologic Time) and Museum and Rare fossil images


Marine and Freshwater Lake maps

All-in-one max detailed cartography and bathymetry for marine and freshwater lakes from Navionics. Also shows submergent vegetation areas if data is available for freshwater lakes (shared by Jason Brazzale, Prescott HS)


Natural Resources-

Introduction to Natural Resources for upper Elementary and Middle School - contains many links


Why are natural resources so important? Links, activities for upper elementary or middle school


Toxic Release Inventory from EPA - database of toxic chemicals released into air or water by industry or communities.  TRI is a resource for learning about toxic chemical releases and pollution prevention activities reported by industrial and federal facilities. TRI data support informed decision-making by communities, government agencies, companies, and others.


Resource page for North America from National Geographic


Focus on Plant Lite -   


What is a Natural Resource and how we can utilize them. Finding different ways to preserve our natural resources and what would our world be today if there weren't any natural resources left. (Biocourseware has multiple apps -



What Biogeology is and the similarities of different ecological progressions that help aid in the knowledge of biogeology.


Human Impact on Earth

Describes how we impact Earth and how we can fix it.




General Astronomy information

Astronomy Magazine website with the latest research and discoveries of space


Sky and Telescope Magazine website with the latest research and discoveries of space


The latest information of research in Astronomy


Cosmos for Kids - space and universe information and links for elementary students covering the following topics: Universe, Galaxies, Stars, Systems, Solar System, Solar System details, Exploration


Interactives on various Astronomy topics

Astronomy Simulations and Animations to assist in Astronomy educators on many topics - developed by the Astronomy Department of University of Nebraska at Lincoln - Many different Laboratory activities are also here found that coincide with the simulations and animations - developed for use in Introductory Astronomy classes - very complete list of animations, simulations, and interactives:


Online Labs for Introductory Astronomy (NAAP Labs) using simulations and interactives from Astronomy Department at University of Nebraska Lincoln. Labs include student guides and are found at include the following titles (each are a link): Solar System Models , Basic Coordinates and Seasons , The Rotating Sky , Motions of the Sun , Planetary Orbit Simulator , Lunar Phase Simulator , Blackbody Curves & UBV Filters , Hydrogen Energy Levels , Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram , Eclipsing Binary Stars , Atmospheric Retention , Extrasolar Planets , Variable Star Photometry , Cosmic Distance Ladder , Habitable Zones


Eclipse Interactive for solar and lunar eclipses at


How Venus would appear in Ptolemaic Model simulation at


Ptolemaic View of Mars simulation at


History of Astronomy-

History and definition of Astronomy.


How Venus would appear in Ptolemaic System simulation


Ptolemaic view of Mars simulation


Universe and Stars-

An article about the predicted count of stars and galaxies in space.


50 Brightest stars in the sky


300 Brightest stars list in apparent magnitude


List of the 300 most luminous stars (absolute magnitude)


List of the nearest bright stars in Apparent Magnitude from Earth


HR (Hertzsprung-Russell) Diagram interactive simulator with student guide


HR Diagram background information at


Jewels of the Night Activity (HR Diagram) and lab sheets


Life cycle of stars

Takes you through the stages of a star's life


Life Cycle of stars online activity designed for Students in grades 9-12 analyze characteristics that indicate human life cycles, and then apply these observational principles to various NASA pictures of stars to synthesize patterns of stellar life cycles.


Life Cycle of Stars activity (along with many other science topics) at


How stars form- Describes the general idea of what happens when a star forms.


Stellar Evolution using NASA images from Chandra X-Ray telescope


Stars information and links from NASA that address star formation, main sequence stars, and how stars end their life cycle depending on their mass (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes at


Galaxies- What is a galaxy, which galaxy do we live in, and some recent discoveries involving the never ending space.


Using Cepheid Variable Stars to determine distances to distant galaxies and other labs -


ID Galaxy type lab activity images


Solar system and planets-

Retrograde motion simulator for Mars


How Venus would appear in Ptolemaic Model simulation at


Ptolemaic View of Mars simulation at


Eccentricity of planetary orbits simulator


How much would you weigh on a different planet? Calculator


Planets (and links to dwarf planets) of our solar system. Reference information and also includes the difference between planets, dwarf planets and small solar system bodies (SSSBs).


3D Solar System -


Mars Map 3D -


Moon Map -


100,000 Stars  


Planetarium -Description of all the planets found in our solar system.


Sun, Earth and moon system-

-Video of Sun Earth and Moon, system.


Lunar Phases activity at


Sun and Earth System - solar storms, Auroras, Coronal Mass Ejections

News and information about the Sun-Earth Environment that includes Sun spot activity, solar storms, and Forecasts for Aurora Borealis


Daily forecast of Aurora Borealis for Northern Hemisphere (Alaska and North America)


Electromagnetic Spectrum

How Earth’s atmosphere protects Earth from certain wavelengths yet allows other wavelengths through.


Solar Energy in the Earth’s atmophere at


Analyzing spectrum lab overview


Tour of the Electromagnetic Spectrum from NASA video 23 minutes


Eclipses (lunar and solar)

2017 solar eclipse across United States on August 21st


Mr Eclipse information on solar and lunar eclipses


Eclipse Interactive for solar and lunar eclipses at


Solar and Lunar eclipse Calendar until 2029 and link to all of ther animations and interactives from NAAP Labs for Introductory Astronomy


Exosolar Planetary systems

Exoplanet interactive simulator and student lab guide


Black hole

Makes you find black holes with a telescope shows how black holes are created. Takes you on a journey in a spaceship to find a black hole.


Satellite tracking information

Live real-time satellite tracking information and data on nearly every earth-based satellite from most countries around the world


NASA missions-

Slide show of future NASA missions and their purpose.


Interactive tour of the International Space Station (ISS)


Video visit to the ISS with astronaut host tour 2016 - 28 minutes long



Kids website that goes through the history of telescopes.


Chandra X-Ray telescope home page that has recent discoveries, images, research


Telescope Buying Guide - what to look for when buying a telescope


List of Telescope manufacturers and their websites and contact information


Light Pollution activity


Planetary Motion (Kepler’s Laws)-

Kepler Law lab of planetary motion from NMSU


Kepler laws of Planetary motion




Planetarium - constellations - simulations of the sky

Sky Map google App link for download onto your device


StarDome program from Astronomy Magazine allows users to look at the sky at any time and from any location on Earth, to see what stars and planets are visible during any time of the night. The scale, orientation, and many other parameters can be changed at will.


In the Sky Planetarium is an online planetarium which can be changed to any location on the Earth to show stars, planets, objects in the sky that evening.


The Sky Live Online Planetarium can be changed to any location on the Earth to show stars, planets, constellations and objects in the sky|11.4909041198


Your Sky interactive Planetarium will give a view of any location on the Earth for any date to show stars, planets, constellations and objects.


Sky and Telescope Observing and “this week at a glance” to show highlights of night sky for locations across US


Constellations review - learn and review 17 of the Northern Hemisphere constellations


Constellations flash card review


Constellations review from images


Native American Starlore of the sky,%20Wolves


Sky chart Planisphere activity - students create their own star chart they can make and use to study the sky on any evening


APPS, Games, News, and more- (links added by Dr. Jenna Linskens, Seymour HS)


Discovery Education Chrome App -

OER Commons (Open Education Resources)

Exploros – Digital Resources -

Spheros Lighting Lab -  (not just computer science, but connecting STEAM – Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Math)

Desmos Graphing Calculator -

Instagrok -

Kami – mark up digital documents -

Ck-12 (California K-12) – curriculum -

Science Bits (content/lessons) –

Top Science News –

PBS Kids – Science - -

Resource website with even more ideas sorted by topic-

Other science teachers websites that have many links and resources:

Earth Science in Middle School, New York City Public School District,

High School Astronomy, Seymour High School in Seymour, WI (Dennis Rohr)

High School Geology, Seymour High School in Seymour, WI (Dennis Rohr)